Colombia

Colombia Country Info

Colombia
Total Area:
1,138,910 sq km (slightly less than twice the size of Texas)
Population:
44,725,543 (July 2011 est.)
Time Zone:
USA Eastern Standard time
Language:
Spanish
Religion:
Predominantly Roman Catholic
Currency:
Peso
National Holiday:
20 July 1810 (Independence from Spain)

Climate:
tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Terrain:
flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains. lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m. highest point: Pico Cristobal Colon 5,775 m
Natural Resources:
petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower
Major Cities:
BOGOTA (capital) 8.262 million, Medellin 3.497 million, Cali 2.352 million, Barranquilla 1.836 million, Bucaramanga 1.065 million (2009)
Industries:
textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Exports:
petroleum, coffee, coal, nickel, emeralds, apparel, bananas, cut flowers
Legal System
based on Spanish law; a new criminal code modeled after US procedures was enacted into law in 2004 and reached full implementation in January 2008; judicial review of executive and legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction